Official website of Orang Tiger Reserve

Informationan Regarding Tiger Reserve

S.N. Particulars Figures Remarks
1 Area of existing Orang National Park (NP) 79.28 km2 @mdo
2 Districts covered by Orang NP 2 Darrang and Sonitpur
3 Core area of proposed Orang Tiger Reserve 79.28 km2
4 Buffer area of proposed Orang Tiger Reserve 710.89 km2 Including: Burhachapori Sanctuary (44.06 km2) Laokhowa Sanctuary (70.10 km2)
5 Existing encroachment in Orang NP 2.35 km2 Encroached area is a compact zone in the eastern most part. Eviction proposal has been submitted to Assam Govt. recently after vacation of the status quo orders by Gauhati High Court.
6 Staff strength 210 Permanent - 66 Casual workers - 64 Assam Forest Protection Force - 35 Armed Home guards - 45
7 Anti poaching camps 40
8 Tall watch towers 9 Including 10 built with NTCA funds.
9 Observation sentry posts 20
10 Solar powered fence 5.50 km Continuous stretch along boundary
11 Patrolling vehicles 3 Excluding Division HQ vehicles
12 Speed boats 2
13 Large mechanised boats 3
14 Country boats 25
15 Domestic elephants 30
16 Arms 143 .32 Revolver - 2 .315 Rifle - 75 .303 Rifle - 45 DBBL - 16 SBBL - 5
17 Tranquilizing gun 1
18 Binoculars 40
19 Night vision devices 2
20 Wireless sets 65 Vehicle fitted - 2, handsets- 63
21 Flash lights 12 Including Fenix (3500/2900 Lumens)
22 Camera traps 12
23 GPS handsets 9
24 Forest IB 2 Inside the PA

Vital statistics at a glance

CENSUS YEAR Population (excluding cubs) Individual tigers pictures captured (excluding cubs)
2008 10 10
2009 14 14
2010 10 10
2011 13 13
2012 16 10
2013 20 20

POPULATION ESTIMATION DATA OF TIGER USING CAMERA TRAPS IN ORANG NATIONAL PARK

Note: The annual tiger census exercise during 2008-2013 was undertaken jointly by the Forest Department and Aaranyak NGO using standard camera trap practice.

Year  Natural  Unnatural  Cause Not Known  Total  Remarks 
Poisoning  Others 
1991       3 3  
1992        
1993       1 1  
1994     1  
1995     1  
1996     1 Death by bullet injury
1996     1 Death by bullet injury
1997      
1998      
1999      
2000   3
2001      
2002      
2003     1 Killed by mob outside the PA
2004     1
2005     2 Poison used - Carbonate pesticide (Baygon)
2006 6 Poison used - Organophosphorous Others - Head injury by sharp object
2007     2
2008     1 3
2009   2 Poison used - Organophosphorous
2010     1 Poison used - Organochlorine
2011      
2012     1
2013     3 Poison used - Organophosphorous
2014 *     1 PM report - natural death due to infighting. FSL report awaited.
TOTAL 11 14 3 5 33

* Up to 28 Aug 2014

Tiger mortality figures in Orang National Park since 1991

YEAR  ADULT/SUB-ADULT  CALF  TOTAL 
Unsexed  <1 Yr  1 Yr> 
1985 30 25 9 1 Mark 65
1991 28 42 5 14 8 97
1999 20 19 1 6 46
2006 28 27 4 9 68
2009 16 24 8 5 11 64
2012 20 27 37 8 8 100

POPULATION ESTIMATION DATA OF RHINOCEROS IN ORANG NATIONAL PARK

Year Natural death Poaching No. of poachers killed by staff No. of persons arrested Arms seized
1991 2 1 8
1992 3 2 7
1993 3 2 7
1994 4 6 2
1995 3 2 7
1996 4 10 5
1997 3 11
1998 3 12
1999 7 6 Hand made gun - 1
2000 5 8 4
2001 2 1 1
2002 1
2003 1 1 1
2004 2 1
2005 1 3 11 Gun-1
2006 7 3 12 Hand made gun - 1
2007 4 3 18 .303 rifle - 2
Hand made gun-1
2008 3 6 26 .303 rifle - 4
.22 rifle - 1
AK 47 rifle - 1
Italy made pistol - 1
2009 3 6 2 15 .303 rifle - 1
Mark IV rifle - 1
7.65 mm pistol - 1
US made pistol - 1
Hand made gun - 2
2010 2 3 23 .303 rifle - 1
Hand made gun - 2
7.65 mm pistol - 1
2011 3 1 3 6 .303 rifle - 4
2012 2 2 2 12 .303 rifle - 1
2013 1 2 1 9 .303 rifle - 1
Hand made rifle - 1
2014* .303 rifle - 1
* Up to 28 Aug 2014

Rhino mortality including poaching figures in Orang National Park since 1991

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