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Administrative set up and infrastructure

The Divisional Forest Officer, Mangaldai Wildlife Division based at Mangaldai is the administrative head of the National Park. The DFO works under the direct supervision of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state. One Range Officer based at Silbori assists the DFO in the management of the Park. Other components of protection are:

Staff

The National Park has field staff strength of 66 permanent personnel and 64 casual workers. Besides this, there are 35 Assam Forest Protection Force personnel and 45 armed Home Guards also deployed in the Park for protection duties. The guards organize their patrolling in the morning, evening and if required at night also. The guards use the patrolling paths and the dandies made by the rhinos for patrolling duties.

Camps

The National Park has a network of 40 anti-poaching camps well distributed over the entire area. The risk of poaching and the concentration of the flagship species of the Park i.e. Rhinoceros and Tiger determine the location of these camps. Armed guards are permanently stationed in these camps.

Watch towers

There are 9 tall watch towers for observation and surveillance constructed at strategic locations in the Park. There are another 20 observation/sentry posts mostly in border areas of the Park.

Arms

The field staff is provided with .315 rifles and DBBL guns while the AFPF and Home Guards use .303 rifles.

Wireless sets and Binoculars

All camps are provided with VHF wireless sets for communication purpose and binoculars for surveillance.

Vehicles

There are 3 light motor vehicles which are used for intensive patrolling and protection duties in the Park.

Elephants

The present fleet of domestic elephants is 30, of which 24 are adults and 6 calves. In the rainy season the elephants facilitate the task of patrolling to a considerable extent. Twenty camps are provided with elephants. The elephants facilitate the checking of dandies and the combing of inaccessible areas as it gives them a vantage platform amidst the tall grasslands. They are also used for transportation from one camp to another during monsoon.

Boats

There are 3 mechanized boats and 2 speed boats which are used for patrolling in Brahmaputra River and its channels while another 25 smaller country boats are used to commute between the camps and patrolling duty inside the Park.

Roads and Patrolling Paths

The Park has a good network of roads and patrolling paths. The roads and patrolling paths facilitate effective patrolling, tourism and provide logistic support to the ant-poaching staff staying in the camps.

Intelligence network

An intelligence network through informers is maintained to keep checks on the impending plans of poachers. In the absence of timely intelligence inputs, the poachers can easily escape after poaching due to difficult terrain.

Solar power fence

A continuous solar power fence measuring more than 5.50 km has been installed and is working effectively in the western boundary of the Park i.e. from Bejimari to Old Orang to check man-animal conflicts.

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