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Our Challenges

The following factors pose a serious threat, in varying degrees, to the existence of the wildlife of the National Park.

Rhino poaching

The Park has always been susceptible to rhino poaching owing to false beliefs associated with the horn. The annual number of poaching incidents in the Park since 1991 is shown at Annexure S.N. 6.

Retaliatory tiger killings

The National Park has a network of 40 anti-poaching camps well distributed over the entire area. The risk of poaching and the concentration of the flagship species of the Park i.e. Rhinoceros and Tiger determine the location of these camps. Armed guards are permanently stationed in these camps.

Biotic interference in fringe areas

This takes place largely in the form of cattle grazing owing to porous nature of the Park boundary. This leads to degradation of the habitat and makes the wild animals prone to various diseases of the domesticated animals.

Invasion of grasslands by trees

Profuse growth of trees such as Semul tends to invade the grasslands leading to shrinkage of the habitat of rhinoceros.

Spreading of invasive weed species

Mimosa and Mikania have occupied several areas in the Park degrading the habitat of rhinoceros and other herbivores.

Siltation of wetlands

Deposition of silt due to floods creates a situation of artificial scarcity of water for rhinos and other mammals.

High floods

Although the Park rarely witnesses high floods, absence of sufficient highlands in the Park leads to death of rhino calves and deer during those times.

Choking of water bodies by aquatic weeds

Aquatic weeds like water hyacinth choke the crucial water bodies of the Park which makes wallowing difficult for the rhinoceros and it also repels the birds.

Erosion in the southern, south-western and eastern part

A considerable area has been eroded by the Brahmaputra and Dhansiri River in southern, south-western and eastern part of the Park over the years leading to fragmentation of habitat.

Insularity of the Park

The Park is not contiguous to any other forest or Protected Area which hinders migration of populations and becomes a limiting factor in the gene flow of the species. However, a tiger corridor exists towards Kaziranga.

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