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Justification for the proposed Tiger Reserve

  •   The PA has an extremely dense viable tiger population. During 2013 camera trap census, 24 individual tigers including 4 cubs were found in the PA having an area of just 79.28 km2. The report is attached at Annexure S.N.1.
  •   The NTCA’s report Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India, 2010 underscores the significance of Orang-Kaziranga tiger corridor stating “The Kaziranga tiger population is contiguous with that of the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park connected through island systems of the Brahmaputra. This is the single largest population in this Landscape consisting of about 125 tigers.” Thus the report advocates connecting of the “stepping stones” between Orang and Kaziranga as part of long term tiger conservation strategy. If the PA is notified as a Tiger Reserve, the Brahmaputra Riverine tiger corridor between Orang and Kaziranga through Laokhowa-Burhachapori wildlife sanctuaries can be effectively secured by notifying it as the buffer of either Orang TR or Kaziranga TR.
  •   Historically, the tiger of the PA have faced the biggest threat from retaliatory killings by fringe villagers. In the past 10 years, at least 13 tigers have been poisoned to death to avenge cattle depredation by tigers. If the PA is notified as a TR, its hard boundaries will be completely secured through installation of solar powered fence and high towers to avoid illegal cattle grazing in the PA as well as straying of tigers and consequent retaliatory killings.
  •   The other major species of the PA such as rhinoceros, hog deer, wild buffalo, river dolphin, wild pig and elephant will be conserved in a much better way in a Tiger Reserve due to strengthening of the protection measures and improvement of habitat.
  •   Presently, the PA gets highly inadequate funds for its management. As a Tiger Reserve, it is likely to get enhanced or ample funds for its overall protection and management requirements including infrastructure, habitat and human resource development
  •   The officials and staff of the PA who are entrusted with the onerous task of protecting its flagship species tiger and rhinoceros will get much deserved additional incentive in the form of Project Allowance and other welfare measures. This will give a fillip to their morale, motivation and dedication towards wildlife conservation.
  •   The monitoring of tiger and its prey can be undertaken regularly and more effectively and independently in a Tiger Reserve for long term viability of the species.
  •   The Tiger Conservation Foundation which will come into existence after notification of the Orang Tiger Reserve will be of immense aid to the Park authorities during certain exigencies faced in the affairs of Park management.

Area description of the proposed Tiger Reserve

The proposed Orang Tiger Reserve will be comprised of the existing Orang National Park and mainly the natural course of Brahmaputra River up to Bhomoraguri Bridge, which is the western end of the Kaziranga Tiger Reserve. This will ensure continuity of the tiger corridor right from Orang to Kaziranga. The Burhachapori-Laokhowa wildlife sanctuaries which presently form the satellite buffer of Kaziranga TR has been excluded from it and instead made part of the proposed Orang TR buffer in view of the spatial proximity as well as envisaged continuous tiger corridor till Kaziranga. The total area of the proposed Orang Tiger Reserve works out to be 790.17 km2 as shown below and in the maps S.N. 32 and 33:

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